Turkish Journal of Gastroenterology
Original Article

Factors Predictive of Proximal Disease Extension and Clinical Course of Patients Initially Diagnosed with Ulcerative Proctitis in an IBD Referral Center

1.

Department of Medicine, University of São Paulo Ribeirão Preto Medical School, Brazil

2.

Department of Surgery and Anatomy, University of São Paulo Ribeirão Preto Medical School, Brazil

3.

Department of Social Medicine, University of São Paulo Ribeirão Preto Medical School, Brazil

Turk J Gastroenterol 2022; 33: 320-328
DOI: 10.5152/tjg.2022.21124
Read: 2 Downloads: 1 Published: 01 April 2022

Background: This study aims to determine whether risk factors at the time of diagnosis that are found to be predictive of proximal dis- ease extension in ulcerative proctitis (UP) occur in a cohort of Brazilian patients.

Methods: This is a retrospective analysis of data from 97 patients (67% female) with UP (Montreal classification: E1) with at least 12 months of follow-up who were admitted to the Ribeirão Preto Medical School IBD referral center between January 2001 and December 2018. Proximal disease extension, which was defined as E1 progressing to E3 (pancolitis), was evaluated endoscopically during follow-up.

Results: A total of 29 (29.9%) patients experienced proximal disease extension. The risk factors at diagnosis associated with proximal disease extension were younger age (<40 years; P = .012), higher Mayo endoscopic score (P < .0001), higher partial Mayo score (P = .0018), and use of oral corticosteroids (P = .0016). During the follow-up period, increased disease relapse rates (P < .0001), immuno- modulators (P = .00014) or the use of biological agents (P = .00037), and colectomy (P = .0002) were all significantly higher among UP patients with proximal disease extension.

Conclusion: Similar to what has been demonstrated in other studies, Brazilian UP patients with increased clinical and endoscopic sever- ity at the time of diagnosis are likely to evolve with both proximal extension and a more adverse clinical course. Therefore, these patients should be followed-up more carefully.

Cite this article as: da Costa Ferreira S, Otoboni Aprile LR, Serafim Parra R, et al. Factors predictive of proximal disease extension and clinical course of patients initially diagnosed with ulcerative proctitis in an IBD referral center. Turk J Gastroenterol. 2022;33(4):320-328.

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