Turkish Journal of Gastroenterology
Original Article

Demographic characteristics of chronic pancreatitis patients in the era of endosonography: Experience of a single tertiary referral center in Turkey

1.

Department of Gastroenterology, Acıbadem University School of Medicine, İstanbul, Turkey

2.

Department of Gastroenterology, İstanbul University Cerrahpaşa School of Medicine, İstanbul, Turkey

3.

Department of Gastroenterology, Bezmialem University School of Medicine, İstanbul, Turkey

Turk J Gastroenterol 2016; 27: 284-289
DOI: 10.5152/tjg.2016.15537
Read: 1101 Downloads: 476 Published: 25 July 2019

Abstract

Background/Aims: There are no clinical data available about chronic pancreatitis (CP) on a series of patients of sufficient number in Turkey. In this study, the etiology and clinical features of CP were evaluated in one center, which is a tertiary referral hospital.

 

Materials and Methods: The files of 168 patients who had been diagnosed with CP in our Medical Faculty between October 2007 and May 2013 were retrospectively analyzed. The etiological factors, symptoms, complications, and treatment methods were analyzed.

 

Results: The most common etiological factor was alcohol abuse (39%). The average age±SD was 46±15.2 years, and the male:female ratio was 4.2:1 (it was 2.6:1 for other etiologies except alcohol abuse and 15.5:1 in alcoholic CP patients, p<0.05). The most frequent complication was diabetes mellitus (44%). The smoking rate was significantly higher in CP patients with pancreatic calcification (p<0.05). One-third of the patients received various types of endoscopic treatment. During a mean follow-up period of 42±13 months (range, 6–55), pancreatic cancer was detected in four patients (2.3%).

 

Conclusion: In majority of the CP patients, the etiology is alcohol abuse in Turkey. The development of diabetes is the most frequent complication of CP, which is independent of the etiology. 

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EISSN 2148-5607