Turkish Journal of Gastroenterology
Original Article

Association Between Serum Vitamin C and Non-alcoholic Fatty Liver Disease: A Cross-sectional Study

1.

Department of Gastroenterology, Jinhua Hospital of Zhejiang University, Jinhua, Zhejiang, China

Turk J Gastroenterol 2023; 34: 148-155
DOI: 10.5152/tjg.2022.21929
Read: 877 Downloads: 246 Published: 01 February 2023

Background: The association between vitamin C and the risk of developing non-alcoholic fatty liver disease remains controversial. The aim of the present study is to examine any correlation between serum vitamin C and the risk of non-alcoholic fatty liver disease.

Methods: Our study enrolled 3374 participants aged ≥ 20 years from the National Health and Nutritional Survey (2003-2006). Nonalcoholic fatty liver disease was defined as the US Fatty Liver Index ≥ 30 in the absence of other chronic liver disease. Multivariate logistic regression and the fitted smoothing curves were adopted for analyzing the correlation between serum vitamin C levels and the risk of developing non-alcoholic fatty liver disease.

Results: After adjusting for all the covariates, it was discovered that serum vitamin C was negatively correlated with the risk of nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (odds ratio: 0.664, 95% CI: 0.512-0.860, P = .002). Through smooth curve fitting, it was further noticed that the relationship between serum vitamin C and the risk of non-alcoholic fatty liver disease was non-linear. The inflection point was 0.92, and to its left, a negative correlation was seen between vitamin C and non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (odds ratio: 0.451, 95% CI: 0.288- 0.706, P = .001). To the right of the inflection point, however, the correlation between vitamin C and non-alcoholic fatty liver disease was not found to be significant.

Conclusion: The correlation was non-linear between serum vitamin C levels and the risk of developing non-alcoholic fatty liver disease. Serum vitamin C was negatively correlated with the risk of non-alcoholic fatty liver disease when its level was less than 0.92 mg/dL.

Cite this article as: Guo M, Ye X, Shi X. Association between serum vitamin C and non-alcoholic fatty liver disease: A cross-sectional study. Turk J Gastroenterol. 2023;34(2):148-155.

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