ISSN 1300-4948 | E-ISSN 2148-5607
Original Article
Process of technical stabilization of gastric endoscopic submucosal dissection at the National Cancer Center in Japan
1 Endoscopy Division, National Cancer Center Hospital, Tokyo, Japan  
Turk J Gastroenterol 2014; 25: 619-623
DOI: 10.5152/tjg.2014.14077
Key Words: Gastric cancer, endoscopy, treatment outcome, complications
Abstract

Background/Aims: Endoscopic submucosal dissection (ESD) was originally developed in 1995 using an insulation-tipped diathermic knife (Olympus, Tokyo, Japan) to achieve en-bloc resection of early gastric cancer (EGC). It has been suggested that advances in endoscopic devices and medical equipment, such as the high-frequency generator (1999) and hemostatic forceps (2000), and procedural improvements including post-ESD preventive coagulation of visible vessels in the resection area (2003) led to further progress of ESD; therefore, we investigated the actual process of technical stabilization of gastric ESD.

 

Materials and Methods: A total of 1,713 consecutive patients with solitary differentiated-type EGC at initial onset underwent ESD at our hospital from 1995 to 2006. We retrospectively assessed ESD outcomes for all patients by dividing them into three chronological periods: 1995-1998 (1st period; 57 patients), 1999-2002 (2nd period; 563 patients), and 2003-2006 (3rd period; 1,093 patients).

 

Results: The en-bloc resection, intraoperative bleeding, and delayed bleeding in the 1st/2nd/3rd period were 52.6%/94.7%/99.3% (1st vs. 2nd, p<0.01; 2nd vs. 3rd, p<0.01), 8.8%/7.1%/1.6% (1st vs. 2nd, no significant difference; 2nd vs. 3rd, p<0.01), and 15.8%/7.6%/3.3% (1st vs. 2nd, p<0.05; 2nd vs. 3rd, p<0.01), respectively.

 

 

Conclusion: Gastric ESD has stabilized technically following advances in endoscopic devices and medical equipment together with procedural improvements.

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