E-ISSN 2148-5607
Basic & Translational - Original Article
Shenfu injection prolongs survival and protects the intestinal mucosa in rats with sepsis by modulating immune response
1 Intensive Care Unit, First Affiliated Hospital, Zhejiang Chinese Medical University, Hangzhou, China  
2 Department of General Surgery, First Affiliated Hospital, Zhejiang Chinese Medical University, Hangzhou, China  
Turk J Gastroenterol 2019; 30: 364-371
DOI: 10.5152/tjg.2019.18418
Key Words: Shenfu injection, sepsis, intestinal mucosa, secretory immunoglobulin A, γδT lymphocytes
Abstract

 

Background/Aims: The aim of present study was to assess the protective effects of Shenfu injection (SI) on the intestinal mucosa and its regulation on the mucosal immune responses in rats with sepsis.

 

Materials and Methods: Sprague-Dawley rats were randomly divided into the sham, model, low-dose SI (LSF), and high-dose SI (HSF) groups. Sham animals underwent laparotomy only, whereas sepsis was modeled by cecal ligation and puncture in the remaining groups. At 2 h post-surgery, the LSF and HSF groups were intraperitoneally administered 5 and 20 mL/kg SI, respectively, whereas other animals with saline. At 12 h and 24 h post-surgery, eight rats per group were sacrificed, and blood and intestinal tissues were collected. The intestinal mucosa was analyzed by hematoxylin and eosin staining. Serum tumor necrosis factor (TNF)-α and interleukin (IL)-6 concentrations, as well as secretory immunoglobulin A (sIgA) content in the intestinal mucosa, were evaluated by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay. CD3 and γδT lymphocytes were quantified by flow cytometry. Animal survival until 72 h was also recorded.

 

Results: Intestinal mucosal injury was significantly higher in model animals than in sham animals at postoperative 12 h and 24 h. Serum TNF-α and IL-6 levels were markedly increased, whereas sIgA and CD3 and γδT cell amounts were overtly decreased (p<0.01). The LSF and HSF rats showed lower mortality, intestinal mucosal injury, and serum TNF-α and IL-6 levels (p<0.05), as well as higher sIgA levels and CD3 and γδT cell amounts, than the model group (p<0.01), with a dose-dependent manner.

 

Conclusion: SI dose-dependently prolongs survival and protects the intestinal mucosa in rats with sepsis, possibly through strengthening innate immunity instead of acquired immunity.

 

Cite this article as: Jin S, Jiang R, Lei S, et al. Shenfu injection prolongs survival and protects the intestinal mucosa in rats with sepsis by modulating immune response. Turk J Gastroenterol 2019; 30(4): 364-71.

Key Words
Authors
All
Reviewer's Corner
Author’s Corner
Survey
AVES | Copyright © 2018 Turkish Society of Gastroenterology | Latest Update: 03.04.2019